If you have any question regarding how to remove dandruff, how to stop dandruff, what is the cause of dandruff or why do I have dandruff then this is for you. We have covered all the question-answer in this article. So, read the full article.
Dandruff is a very common skin condition that can affect anyone regardless of age, gender or race. Despite its prevalence, there are still a number of people who are not aware of what dandruff looks like. Dandruff typically looks like greasy flakes of skin, which become more visible over dark clothing. On the scalp, it may also appear as scaly patches of skin and is sometimes accompanied by redness or inflammation.
Dandruff is the spread of dead skin cells from the skin of the head. Dandruff is a common head skin disorder that affects about half the population and often causes itching. The severity of dandruff may fluctuate with the season, as it often worsens in winter. Dandruff is rare before adolescence, beginning with the adolescents and twenties, and then decreasing with age. In a normal scalp, the process of sloughing off old skin cells and making new cells is a very orderly process. Dandruff scalp shed dead skin cells at a high rate. These cells are shed in clumps, which are big enough to be seen with the naked eye and cause the embarrassing flakes. Dandruff is not only very bothersome, but it is also considered as a sign of poor hygiene.
Symptoms of Dandruff
For most teens and adults, the symptoms of dandruff are easily visible: white, oily-looking flakes of dead skin that bind your hair and shoulders, and possibly an itchy, scaly scalp. The condition can worsen during the fall and winter when indoor heating can contribute to dry skin, and improve during summer. Most cases of dandruff do not require doctor care. But if over-the-counter (OTC) dandruff shampoos are not helping, or if your scalp becomes red or swollen, see your doctor or a doctor who specializes in a skin condition (dermatologist). You may have seborrheic dermatitis or other condition that is similar to pleasures.
Lice and cough may cause similar symptoms in some people; however, they are very different. The lice eggs are very small and firmly attach to the hair shaft, while dandruff looks like flaky skin, which is usually yellowish-white. It can be found in various parts of the scalp. Unlike lice, dandruff is not contagious.
Some people often mistake dry scalp for dandruff, thinking that these skin conditions are the same. Keep in mind that these scalp disorders are not synonymous even though they have the same symptoms of flaking and itchy scalp.3 Here are the subtle yet noteworthy differences between dandruff and dry scalp: Aside from dry scalp, another common problem that’s commonly mistaken for dandruff is lice. These are parasitic insects found on the hair or scalp. They are also characterized by white specks on the hair. However, unlike dandruff, these specks are not exfoliated skin from the scalp.
Causes of Dandruff
Resembling a bad case of dandruff may actually be scalp psoriasis. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that can affect the skin anywhere on the body, including the scalp. Like dandruff, it causes flaking and itching, but is also marked by raised, red, often thick skull patches, Drs. Nussbaum says. You may have a single patch, several, or your entire scalp may be affected. Patches may pop up on your forehead, behind your neck or even behind your ear.
In general, the causes of dandruff fall into two categories — internal and external. The internal causes include, but are not limited to poor overall health, hormonal imbalance, allergies, emotional stress, improper nutrition including excessive consumption of sugars, fats, and starches and hereditary and genetic factors. Conventional medicine treats the symptom of dandruff — the flakes — rather than the cause. The most common ways in which this is done is by the use of anti-dandruff shampoos, anti-fungal shampoos, and harsh chemicals to clear the dead cells from the scalp. The flakes may temporarily be removed thus, but they usually reappear.
Beard dandruff is caused by the micro-organism Malassezia globosa and it’s feeding on the natural oils produced by your skin. Those oils are called sebum. Malassezia globosa oils break down into oleic acid, and some people have acid sensitivity. People have a sensitivity which produces skin cells at a higher rate and this overproduction of skin cells is what causes dandruff. So it fails to flatten the beard flakes, but it is a very common problem for humans.
Prevent dandruff on Scalp
Anti-dandruff shampoo is popular among people who suffer from dandruff due to seborrheic dermatitis or oily and irritated skin. People who are sensitive to yeast are also prone to dandruff. Dandruff is also seen often in people with dry skin. Our hair needs to be brushed and shampooed frequently to remove the build-up of dead skin and oil. Dandruff can be brought on by stress, mental illness, skin diseases like psoriasis and eczema, and also by a diet that does not contain sufficient B vitamins and zinc. A certain amount of skin cells flake off from the scalp regularly but dandruff occurs when there is rapid turnabout of skin cells
Home remedies of Dandruff
There are a variety of natural remedies that can help you resolve your scalp woes, some of which may even be found in your cupboard. These simple home remedies include coconut oil, baking soda, lemon, garlic, and salt, among others
Hair dandruff is one of the most common problems a lot of people suffer. One of the reasons is using a lot of styling products. Another reason is not oiling the hair on a regular basis. Pollution is also responsible for dandruff problems.
- Coconut oil has the antibacterial and antifungal properties which help you to fight dandruff You can mix coconut oil with some other ingredients like lemon juice which is the best home remedy for dandruff.
- Apple juice is very beneficial for skin problems and hair. Apple juice can be used as a home remedy to treat skin problems such as inflammation, itching, cracked skin, pimples, acne, and wrinkles. Apple juice is good against dandruff. Application of apple juice over the scalp followed by washing it after a few minutes is good in dandruff prevention. Raw apple juice contains sufficient amounts of vitamin C, which keeps your ligaments, tendons, and skin healthy by producing collagen.
- Tea tree oil has great antiseptic properties and therefore helps in combating various skin and hair conditions including dandruff. To use it as anti-dandruff treatment, add it in a little amount to your regular shampoo and use it to cleanse your hair as usual. After a few weeks of regular use, you will definitely see a significant improvement in your condition.
- Aloe vera locks in moisture. It contains proteolytic enzymes to help stimulate dormant hair follicles into growing and repair damaged hair cells, which can improve hair growth and thickness. Aloe vera is also soothing and antifungal, so it’s a great choice if you struggle with dandruff. Organic ingredients: Some people believe organic shampoos and beauty products are safer than synthetic ones. This is a personal choice, but if you’re trying to go the natural route, be sure you choose a product that is certified organic.
- Apple cider vinegar – To make an apple cider vinegar solution for dandruff treatment, dilute a quarter cup of apple cider vinegar with a quarter cup of water. Put this solution in a spray bottle, and spritz it on your hair and scalp before wrapping your head with a towel. Wait for around 15 minutes to one hour before rinsing your hair. Doing this treatment twice a week helps control dandruff by reducing excess yeast growth on the scalp.
- Omega-3– Like people, some cats get dry, scaly skin in winter. This is usually nothing serious, but your veterinarians take a look. Persistent dandruff may be a sign of poor nutrition, inadequate grooming, or an underlying medical problem. Specialized shampoos and supplements of omega-3 fatty acids can help treat feline dandruff. Cats are known to be fastidious groomers, but sometimes they overdo it. Compulsive licking, chewing, or sucking on the skin can cause irritation, infection, and thinning of hair (a condition known as psychomotor alopecia.)
- Baking Soda – Baking soda is a cheap and effective dandruff remedy that you can find in your kitchen. Not only does it reduce scalp fungus, but it also makes your hair softer. Wet your hair before massaging a handful of baking soda into your scalp, and then rinse your head thoroughly with water.
- Lemon-The acidity of lemon helps balance the pH level of your scalp, making it harder for yeast-like fungus to thrive. Apply two tablespoons of pure lemon juice on your scalp before rinsing. For better results, wash your hair again with a mixture of one teaspoon lemon juice and one cup of water.
- Onion- To fight hair loss, dandruff and itchy scalp, prepare a hair mask, using onions. Mash one onion, and strain it through a grinder. Mix this juice with equal amounts of olive oil or coconut oil and apply it on the scalp and hair. Cover your hair with a shower cap, and leave it on for about 2 hours. Rinse your hair with a shampoo. It will improve the chances of hair growth and will also give a shiny, glossy look to your hair. Do this twice a month for best results.
Medical treatments of Dandruff
Use an over-the-counter medicated shampoo containing zinc pyrithione, tar, salicylic acid, selenium sulfide or ketoconazole. It is also beneficial to leave the shampoo on your scalp alternately between the active ingredients and for at least five minutes.
Anti-dandruff shampoo is popular among those who suffer from dandruff due to seborrheic dermatitis or oily and irritable skin. People who are sensitive to yeast are also prone to dandruff. Dandruff is also often seen in people with dry skin. Our hair needs to be brushed and shampooed frequently to remove the build-up of dead skin and oil. Dandruff can be brought on by stress, mental illness, skin diseases like psoriasis and eczema, and also by a diet that does not contain sufficient B vitamins and zinc. A certain amount of skin cells flake off from the scalp regularly but dandruff occurs when there is rapid turnabout of skin cells Anti-dandruff shampoos contain an ingredient called ketoconazole that helps to slow down the skin cell production on the scalp. Some shampoos have selenium sulfide which tries to control dandruff by reducing the oil production on the scalp. If the dandruff is caused by yeast, a shampoo containing zinc pyrithione is used. The anti-dandruff shampoo must be used every day until the dandruff is controlled. The shampoo has to be applied on the scalp and allowed to remain there for about 5 minutes at least for it to be effective.
Tar-based shampoos (such as Neutrogena T/Gel). Coal tar, a by-product of the coal manufacturing process, helps in conditions such as dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, and psoriasis. It slows down how quickly the skin cells on your scalp die and stop. If you have light-colored hair, this type of shampoo can cause discoloration. You do not need any special preparation to diagnose dandruff. Your doctor will probably be able to diagnose your dandruff and its cause by looking at your scalp and skin. Zinc pyrithione shampoo (head and shoulders and others)
Shampoos containing salicylic acid (such as Neutrogena T/Sal). Scalp psoriasis can be treated in various ways. Medicated shampoos with salicylic acid can help reduce flaking. Topical corticosteroids may reduce inflammation and resolve thick plaques. And other treatments for mild to moderate cases include light therapy and medications known as immunomodulators that help regulate the immune system. With the right treatment, hair loss associated with scalp psoriasis is reversible.
Ketoconazole shampoos (such as Nizoral). Anti-dandruff shampoos contain an ingredient called ketoconazole that helps to slow skin cell production on the scalp. The anti-dandruff shampoo must be used every day until the dandruff is controlled. The shampoo should be applied on the scalp and allowed to remain there for at least 5 minutes to be effective.
Selenium sulfide (Selsun Blue Shampoo). These shampoos slow down your skin cells from dying and can also reduce Malassezia. Because they can skew blonde, gray or chemically colored hair, be sure to use them only as directed, and rinse thoroughly after shampooing.
Note: Consult your doctor before using all the shampoo.